Table of Content
|sulfuric acid||sodium chloride||hydrogen chloride|
|(dd đậm đặc)||(rắn)||(khí)||(rắn)|
|(không màu)||(trắng)||(không màu)||(trắng)|
|Nguyên - Phân tử khối (g/mol)|
|Khối lượng (g)|
Temperature: < 250
Explanation: The ideal environmental conditions for a reaction, such as temperature, pressure, catalysts, and solvent. Catalysts are substances that speed up the pace (velocity) of a chemical reaction without being consumed or becoming part of the end product. Catalysts have no effect on equilibrium situations.
NaCl crystals reacts with concentrated H2SO4, then heated, absorb water to obtain the hydrochloric acid solution
In a full sentence, you can also say H2SO4 (sulfuric acid) reacts with NaCl (sodium chloride) and produce HCl (hydrogen chloride) and NaHSO4 ()
This equation does not have any specific information about phenomenon.
In this case, you just need to observe to see if product substance NaHSO4, appearing at the end of the reaction.
Or if any of the following reactant substances NaCl (sodium chloride), disappearing
Method of preparing hydrogen chloride gas in laboratories
sulfuric acidH2SO4 + Na2SO3 → H2O + Na2SO4 + SO2 10FeO + 18H2SO4 + 2KMnO4 → 5Fe2(SO4)3 + 18H2O + 2MnSO4 + K2SO4 8H2SO4 + 2KMnO4 + 10NaBr → 5Br2 + 8H2O + 2MnSO4 + 5Na2SO4 + K2SO4 View all equations with H2SO4 as reactant
sodium chloride2H2O + 2NaCl → Cl2 + H2 + 2NaOH AgNO3 + NaCl → AgCl + NaNO3 2NaCl → Cl2 + 2Na View all equations with NaCl as reactant
sodium chlorideHCl + NaOH → H2O + NaCl Cl2 + 2Na → 2NaCl BaCl2 + Na2SO4 → 2NaCl + BaSO4 View all equations with NaCl as product